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Waterloo


Battle Name : Waterloo

Date(s) : 18 June 1815

Part of : The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars , Napoleon's Hundred days ,

Outcome : A victory for Allied Forces over French Forces

Type of battle : Land

Summary

Wellington's defensive position behind a ridge and in buildings was attacked by the French. The very wet ground, a late start to the battle and the dogged resistance of the troops were all in favour of the allies. Napoleon's frontal attacks lacked the necessary coordination of infantry, cavalry and artillery. When Bl├╝cher brought his Prussians into action on the French right the French defeat was sealed.
Napoleon's gamble to take the Anglo-Dutch and the Prussian armies separately almost came off. Failure to exploit either of the opening two battles of the campaign at Ligny and Quatre Bras plus Wellington's determined defence at Mont St Jean plus a Prussian Corps at Wavre holding down Grouchy's Corps allowed the Allies, eventually, to act in consort on the battlefield. Napoleon's last throw ended in defeat.

Location

The battle ground was at Mont St. Jean south of Waterloo village about 12 miles south of Brussels, Belgium. (Belgium)

Casualty figures

French Forces

Number engaged :
72,000

Casualties :
42,000 (58.33%)

Allied Forces

Number engaged :
198,867

Casualties :
22,346 (11.24%)